Mela is among the villages found in Mangae Ward. Mela like other villages in Mangae is remote and dry and is inhabited with pastoralist communities by over 95%. Apart from the drought that results from shortage of rains, lack of water in the village has also had effect on women and children in terms of time spent in searching for water. Long time spent in water limits women with the responsibility of looking after their children in terms of feeding and caring, but children are deprived of their time to attend to school when sent away from their homes to go to search for water. Safina Women's Association in partnership with Firelight Foundation has supported provision of a Borehole at Matangani Hamlet in Mela Village to reduce the pinch that women and children were experiencing. The Borehole that has been drilled facilitates provision of lunch for the children at the centre but also communities surrounding the centre with domestic water.

Technicians working to submerge a pump to the borehole

Technicians and co-workers working to raise up a poly-tank (For reserving water) to the upstairs.

Management of the Borehole:

Management of the Borehole entirely rests on the hands of communities. In Matangani Hamlet's general meeting held in February 2017, a committee of 4 people was selected to manage the borehole. Amount chargeable per 20 litre bucket was passed by the meeting to be Tsh 100/= and the money collected will be used to pay out the water attendant, costs of fuel as well as minor repairs of the pump and the generator. The rest of the money left will support feeding of the children at the centre.

Technician in initial testing of a generator that will be used to pump water from the borehole



  • Time spent by women and children in searching for water is reduced from 3 hours to 25 minutes.
  • Availability of water at the centre facilitates provision of porridge for the children.
  • Improved sanitary condition at the Matangani ECD has increased
  • 260 Families around the ECD centre access domestic water

Challenges of the project implementation:

  • Pastoralists are very scattered to the extent that some children can still not be reached.
  • During rainy seasons some children fail to go to schools because of large quantities of rain water that flows on natural routes.
  • Poverty resulting from large numbers of cows dying out of draught significantly affects both livestock production.
  • Lack of feeding program in primary schools seriously affects those children who are received from the ECD centres

Way Forward:

  • SAWA has continued to sensitize pastoralist communities at Matangani to shift from nomadic to sedentary life style in order to make social services more easily accessible.
  • Community and Parents' sensitization meetings should continue to ensure feeding programs at primary schools.

Lessons learnt:

  • Stigma can be eliminated when disabled and non-disabled children play and study together.
  • Dis-abled children learn and catch up more easily when they interact with non-disabled children in the school.
  • Development of joint actions between parents, teachers and other stakeholders can increase chances for more girls successfully completing their education cycles.
  • Provision of basic social services like schools and water largely contribute in making pastoralist societies to shift from nomadic to sedentary life style.